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  • 作者:Butterworth-Heinemann
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Description

Case Histories of Process Plant Disasters and How They Could Have Been Avoided

Learn from the mistakes of others and examine the causes and aftermaths of plant disasters - almost all of which could have been prevented. The case histories in this book illustrate what went wrong and why it went wrong, providing guidance on circumventing similar tragedies in the future.

You'll learn how incidents occur through simple miscommumcation and how straightforward changes in design can commonly remove or reduce opportunities for human error.

The Fifth Edition is updated with new material, including coverage of recent incidents and now presents a complete analysis of the design, operational, and managerial causes of process plant accidents in a single essential volume.

Author:  Trevor Kletz
Published:  2009
Format:  Hardback
Pages:  640
Table Of Contents:  

Units and Nomenclature

    Units

    Management Terms

    Chemical Engineering Terms

    Firefighting Terms

Part 1 - What Went Wrong?

    Learning From the Experiences of Others

    Preparation for maintenance

    Modifications

    Accidents caused by human error

    Labeling

    Storage tanks

    Stacks

    Leaks

    Liquefied flammable gases

    Pipe and vessel failures

    Other equipment

    Entry to vessels

    Hazards of common materials

    Tank trucks and cars

    Testing of trips and other protective systems

    Static electricity

    Materials of construction

    Operating methods

    Reverse flow and other unforeseen deviations

    I didn't know that

    Problems with computer control

    Inherently safer design

    Reactions-planned and unplanned

Part 2 - How Could Disasters Have Been Avoided?

    Maintenance

    Entry into confined spaces

    Changes to processes and plants

    Changes in organization

    Changing procedures instead of designs

    Materials of construction (including insulation) and corrosion

    Operating methods

    Explosions

    Poor communication

    Control

    Leaks

    Reactions - planned and unplanned

    Both design and operations could have been better

    Accidents in other industries

    Accident investigation - Missed opportunities

Reviews:  

"This book should be read by all managers and engineers who work in the chemical and petrochemical industries." - The Safety & Health Practioner, review of the previous edition

"The examples were very clear and graphic, with good sketches or pictures. Without a doubt, I strongly recommend this book as required reading for every engineer and supervisor in the process industry and suggested reading for others." - AFE Facilities Engineering Journal

"The incidents described could occur in many types of plants, and should therefore be of interest to a wide variety of plant operators." - Mechanical Engineering

"Recommended for generalists with an interest in industrial safety and safety/process who wish to gain some insight into the realities of plant operations." - IChemE-Institute Of Chemical Engineers



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